A bizarre phenomena has been observed over our South Pole. Scientists have detected a mysterious particle shooting through the atmosphere and into outer space from deep within the bowels of our planet, beneath the Antarctic ice cap.
Some Scientists hypothesize that whats been detected twice in the past 13 years is a high-energy particle that's been bouncing and richocheting through space, for perhaps a qunitillion billion years. Theoretically it collided with the Earth, and shot back out again defying what physicists call the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics.
Cosmic rays or any particles, based on what we know about physics at our current level of development, should not be able to do that - it's a logical no no. Being that these particles are defying everything we know, or think we know, we may not actually know at all ... did that make sense ? No, well neither does a mystery particle shooting through the Earth and back into space unimpeded. Apparently these enigmatic beams are made of something we've never seen before.
Researchers have been stumped by two events, the first [first detected] in 2016 in Antarctica when cosmic rays burst out from the Earth, and were detected by NASA’s Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA). ANITA is a balloon-borne antenna hovering over the south pole.
Physicists have devised several theories for these 'upward bursting' cosmic rays.
One theory comes from Derek Fox , an astrophysicist at Pennsylvania State University 'An ultrahigh-energy cosmic ray on the far side of Earth could have spawned a new type of particle, about 500 times as massive as the proton, that pierced the planet before decaying to produce the upward air shower.'
Other theories include sterile neutrinos, that rarely come into contact with conventional matter as well as a dark matter distribution deep inside the Earth.
Another scenario is proposed by Adrian Cho , a staff writer for Science who holds a Ph.D in experimental particle physics, who stated 'In both recorded case particles from outer space tunneled through Earth and up into the atmosphere above Antarctica, triggering faint pulses of radio waves that were picked up by a balloon-borne detector 35 kilometers above the ice cap. Those two events poke a hole in physicists’ standard model of fundamental particles and forces, and point to the existence of new particles'
Twice, in 2006 and in 2014, 'ANITA detected odd radio waves with unflipped polarizations coming up from the surface below instead of the horizon. That suggests the signals were produced by upward-zooming air showers triggered by particles that tunneled through Earth. At first blush, that’s not a problem for the standard model. Neutrinos barely interact with matter, so a couple of cosmic neutrinos might have barreled through the planet before smacking an atomic nucleus in the ice and setting off an upward air shower.'
Dave Besson , a physicist at the University of Kansas and a team member from the group that initially observed the events, says that within that collaboration, “I don’t think there’s anybody who’s up for saying we broke the standard model.”