As civilizations spread, so did pandemics, some of which decimated millions of lives. From a strain of typhoid which devasted Ancient Greece to the Covid-19 virus ravaging the world today, here’s a list of some deadly pandemics down the ages.
Suspected Typhoid: Ancient Greece, 430 BC
This is probably the earliest suspected pandemic, or a disease that has spread across several continents. Originating near Libya, it passed through modern-day Libya, Ethiopia and Egypt to Athens, which was then under siege by the Spartans.
Symptoms: Fever, thirst, bloody throat and tongue, red skin and lesions.
Impact: As many as 75,000 to 100,000 people, or 25% of the city's population, perished, and the city eventually fell to the Spartans.
Antonine Plague/Plague of Dalen: Roman Empire, 165 AD and again in 180 AD
Although details are sketchy, historians argue that the Huns, nomadic warriors from Central Asia who terrorized much of Europe and the Roman Empire in the 4th and 5th centuries AD, infected Germans, who in turn infected Romans.
Symptoms: fever, sore throat, diarrhoea and, if the patient survived that, pus-filled lesions.
Impact: The disease broke out again almost a decade later, killing some 2,000 people each day in Rome. The total death toll is estimated at 5 million across the Roman empire, and it’s victims included a Roman Emperor and a significant section of the Roman Army. Full Article - Outlook India - By Ramananda Sengupta
Pandemics That Changed History - As human civilizations rose, these diseases struck them down
Visualizing the History of Pandemics - Incredible Info-graphic
The great-power competition has begun in earnest.
What started as a catastrophe for China is shaping up to be a moment of strategic opportunity, a rare turning point in the flow of history. Suddenly, the protests in Hong Kong, carrying a mortal threat to political stability in the mainland, became a physical impossibility. More important, the pandemic set in motion a global competition, to contain the virus, for which China and the Chinese Communist Party seem uniquely prepared.