Unlike the aircraft of ancient India, of which there is extensive documentation - evidence of ancient Egyptian knowledge of aerodynamics and flight is shaky to say the least. Researchers point to two artifacts one is the Abydos Temple Glyphs possibly depicting unusual craft, and the second is a model aircraft found in an Egyptian tomb - the Saqqara Bird.
The Tulli Papyrus, although not demonstrable of aerodynamic knowledge by the ancient Egyptians, is an indication of their possible contact with /observation of intelligently controlled flying craft or devices.
If the relief below was a modern one, there would no doubt that what we are seeing is a helicopter next to several other advanced craft. However this art is over 3,000 years old, and "the experts" tell us that there were no advanced craft in deep antiquity. Some believe it is proof of Ancient Aircraft
The rendition resembling a helicopter to the left is fairly cut and dry - it's obviously an extinct animal that has not yet been cataloged, I mean , hell we all know that an ancient Egyptian from 3,000 years ago couldn't possibly have etched a picture of a flying machine not invented till the 1950s .
The 3 images one atop the other shown above - a boat, hovercraft, or vimanna or a large airplane, possibly carrying a big object underneath. The image at the bottom also has a high-tech look to it. But it really does look like an Ancient Aircraft.
Some detractors from the radical theorists view of advanced technology in the ancient world have speculated that what we are seeing is Pareidolia , or an an "accidental illusion" caused by several layers of overlapping glyphs. The original layer of glyphs, were later covered by plaster, and replaced by another set of different glyphs. Chips of plaster sporadically fell out and created the Egyptian Rorshach image above. The technical term used is 'palimpsest'. [ The Abydos Helicopter & Secrets of the Golden Section ]
In Rorshach images people see what they want to see, personally, I see a helicopter, an airplane and some other craft open to interpretation. Intellectually , I realize that there is a strong case for the "accidental illusion" argument, but I really want to see Ancient Aircraft .....
Model Aircraft in Ancient Egyptian Tombs
At the end of the Nineteenth Century a small model plane made sycamore wood, with a fuselage, wings and a tail, was discovered in a tomb near Saqqara, Egypt, It was dated to Ca. 200 BC. It was sent to the Cairo Museum of Antiquities cataloged ,and then forgotten.
Rediscovered in 1969 in the museum's storerooms in , it was found to fly perfectly as a glider. There are some indications it may have originally possessed a propulsion mechanism near the tail. The design is very sophisticated. So far At least 14 other model aircraft have been found in Egyptian tombs. It has been dubbed "The Saqqara Bird" . It has a wingspan of 180 mm (7.1 in) and weighs 39.12 g (1.380 oz).
Some think the Saqqara Bird may was a ceremonial object because the Saqqara Bird is modeled after the falcon, the bird after which is commonly used to represent several important gods of the Egyptian pantheon. But "ceremonial" is a catch all /explain all phrase used by old school archeologists for anything they can't explain. Others have speculated it may have been a toy for an elite child, a weather vane, or a boomerang which was common and well-known in ancient Egypt.
It flies, it is an ancient aircraft, it's not proof positive that there was a mother ship that it was based on but it is sufficient proof that the Ancient Egyptians had a basic knowledge of flight and aerodynamics. The [basic] principles of aviation existed many centuries before such are generally believed to have first been discovered.
Egyptian physician, archaeologist, parapsychologist and dowser Khalil Messiha has speculated that the ancient Egyptians developed the first aircraft. He wrote that it "represents a diminutive of an original monoplane still present in Saqqara." He also claimed that the Saqqara Bird could function as a glider if it had a horizontal tailplane, which he "suppose[d] was lost," and noted that the Egyptians often placed miniaturized representations of their technology in their tombs. [Blacks and Science Volume One: Ancient Egyptian Contributions to Science and Technology AND The Mysterious Sciences of the Great Pyramid (Volume 1)]
The Tulli Papyrus
Of questionable origins , The Tulli Papyrus is often cited by UFO enthusiasts, some believe is evidence of ancient aircraft.
During a visit to Egypt in 1933, a director of the Egyptian section of the Vatican museum, Alberto Tulli, found the papyrus in an antique shop. He hastily made a copy of the text, then yet another, replacing the original hieratic script with hieroglyphic. What remains is a copy of a copy that was translated by R. Cedric Leonard which is most popular.
"In the year 22, of the third month of winter, sixth hour of the day [...] among the scribes of the House of Life it was found that a strange Fiery Disk was coming in the sky. It had no head. The breath of its mouth emitted a foul odor. Its body was one rod in length and one rod in width. It had no voice. It came toward His Majesty's house.
Their heart became confused through it, and they fell upon their bellies. They [went] to the king, to report it. His Majesty [ordered that] the scrolls [located] in the House of Life be consulted. His Majesty meditated on all these events which were now going on.
After several days had passed, they became more numerous in the sky than ever. They shined in the sky more than the brightness of the sun, and extended to the limits of the four supports of heaven [...] Powerful was the position of the Fiery Disks.
The army of the King looked on, with His Majesty in their midst. It was after the evening meal when the Disks ascended even higher in the sky to the south. Fish and other volatiles rained down from the sky: a marvel never before known since the foundation of the country. And His Majesty caused incense to be brought to make peace on the hearth of the gods. And it was [ordered] to be [recorded for] His Majesty in the annals of the House of Life [to be remembered] for ever."