"When the first atomic bomb exploded in New Mexico, the desert sand turned to fused green glass. This fact, according to the magazine Free World, has given certain archaeologists a turn. They have been digging in the ancient Euphrates Valley and have uncovered a layer of agrarian culture 8,000 years old, and a layer of herdsman culture much older, and a still older caveman culture. Recently, they reached another layer of fused green glass." - New York Herald Tribune on February 16, 1947.
"If atomic warfare were actually used in the distant past and not just imagined, there must still exist some indications of a civilization advanced enough to develop or even to know about atomic power. One does find in some of the ancient writings of India some descriptions of advanced scientific thinking which seemed anachronistic to the age from which they come." - Charles Berlitz - Mysteries from Forgotten Worlds
Rajasthan Radioactive Dust
In Rajasthan, India ten miles west of Jodhpur -there is a heavy layer of radioactive ash, it covers about three-square miles. Scientists investigated the site. It has been noted that has always been a very high rate of birth defects and cancer in the area.
The levels of radiation there registered so high on investigators' gauges that the Indian government cordoned off the region. - Natural Radioactivity in Soil and Radiation Levels of Rajasthan
The source of this radioactive debris is unknown, some believe it indicative of ancient atomic activity, others say modern contamination.
Possible Contamination From Modern Sources
The radioactive dust in Rajasthan - the possibility of modern contamination can not be ruled out.
Nuclear Power Plants
In the same region, there are nuclear facilities that debunkers have attempted to claim are a possible source of the radioactive dust.
There are no obvious sources located within a "stones throw" of the contamination site, all are a considerable distance away. The closest being the Rajasthan atomic power station which is located roughly 300 + km [as the crow flies] from the contamination site. How a radioactive plume could skip the large chunk of real estate between its source at the power station, and settle in a 3 square mile area hundreds of miles away has not been adeqautely explained.
The next closest potential source is at Rawatbhatta, Rajasthan. The Rawatbhatta nuclear facility, as per google maps is roughly a 7.5 hour drive from Jodphur and nearly 8 from the contamination site, aproximately 400 km away.
A third is the Kakrapar Atomic Power Station located aproximately 740 kilometeres away from the contamination site. And yet a fourth is the Narora Atomic Power Station located roughly 700 km. from the contamination site in the opposite direction.
Surendra Gadekar, a physicist and anti-nuclear nuclear activist conducted an investigation of the ailments afflicting villagers at Rawatbhatta in Rajasthan for possible correlations to the nearby power station. The same power station that is aproximately 400 km away from the contamination site. Gadekars research confirmed that there was definitely severe health issues which included deformities and cancers which he tied to the Rawatbhatta power station. He also concluded that wood that been used in the facility was used as fire wood by locals which further spread the radiation into the local populous.
The research of Surendra Gadekar is meritorious indeed and I personally share his angst against nuclear power. Debunkers and nay sayers however have seized upon his research in a limp effort to debunk the theory of ancient atomics. They have basically devised ill researched conspiracy theories claiming the ancient enigma scenario is a government ruse to mask modern day negligence of the Atomic Industry. Nobody has sufficiently explained how the radioactive dust got hundreds of miles away from any possible source and settled in a three square mile area without effecting much of anything in between.
Nuclear Weapons Testing
Ruling out the Nuclear power stations as apparent sources we are left with nuclear weaponry. In the Modern era the Indian Government conducted nuclear tests in Pokhran - which is situated a mere 130 miles away, as the crow flies, a 2.5 to 3 hour drive without wings. These tests were conducted in May 1974 - the radioactive dust near Jodhpur had already been present when these tests were being done.
Natural Radiation - contamination
There are also the possibility of natural contamination from Uranium. Uranium mining is in no short supply in the region. Prohil Rajasthan - [4 hour drive - approximately 200 km as the crow flies, and 240 without wings] is the closest source. But nobody has been able to explain how it came to settle in this particular 3 square mile sector 200 km away.
Dissolved radon could possibly be found in the soil as well as contamination from Radon gas - but why just at that one particular locale ?
All alternative theories are not impossible, many are fairly close to impossible but not 100% impossible. Under our current level of knowledge, given the factual data available and an open mind, the ancient origin theory of the Rajasthan radioactive Ash seems to be perhaps the most feasible.
Mohenjo - Daro ~ Prehistoric Atomic Ruins
In the early 1900s, archaeologists uncovered the ruins of a large ancient town. It has been labeled Mohenjo Daro [mound of the dead], one of the most developed civilizations in the world. The life in this ancient civilization that existed for 2-3,000 years is fascinating, however the death of Mohenjo Daro is intricately more intriguing .
Scientists were unable to explain the reason of the town's sudden demise. [*3]
No indications of a monstrous flood, no fragments of weapons, or anything else that would signify a natural disaster or war in the classical sense. Archaeologists were perplexed, the collected facts indicated that the catastrophe occurred very unexpectedly and lasted a very short time.
David Davneport and Ettore Vincenti - Atomic Destruction 2000 BC [*1] espouse a theory that Mohenjo Daro had been destroyed with a nuclear blast. Stratums of clay and green glass apparently melted by extreme high temperatures, and hardened immediately afterwards.
Similar stratums of green glass were also be found in the Nevada desert following nuclear tests, the product of intense heat generated by a nuclear blast.
Other unexplained layers of green glass derived from an unknown heat source can be found in the Libyan Dessert as well a known meteor impact site in Tasmania.
"When archaeologists got to the street level, people were lying dead in the street - after thousands of years." [*4]. Had a natural catastrophe, disease, or conventional war brought down Mohenjo Daro the bodies of its citizenry would have been ravaged by animals , and the city plundered by subsequent looters over the centuries. This never happened, Dozens of skeletons were found in the area of Mohenjo-Daro, their radioactivity exceeded the norm almost 50 times.
Russian researchers found a skeleton with a radioactive level 50 times greater than normal. Other cities have been found in northern India which also show evidence of intense explosions . - Riddles of Ancient History by Alexander Gorbovsky [*2]. It should be noted that the region of India contains several working Nuclear Power Plants and contamination from a modern source is not out of the question. [^Possible Contamination From Modern Sources]. The earliest expedition was in 1911 - long before modern nukes however.
Huge masses of this ancient city are fused together, fused and melted in a manner that only extremely high temperatures can achieve. There is no proof of a volcanic eruption at any of these cities, heat this intense can only be explained by a nuclear blast or similar other unknown force.
Modern analysis showed, that fragments of Mohenjo Daro were melted with extreme high temperature - not less than 1,500 degrees centigrade. Scientists have also found a strictly outlined epicenter, where everything was leveled. Devastation lessened towards the outskirts.
Julius Robert Oppenheimer, theoretical physicist and the Supervising Scientist for the Manhattan Project, the developer of the atomic bomb, During a question and answer period in 1952, a student asked a question to which Oppenheimer gave a strange answer
"Was the bomb .. at Alamogordo ... the first one to be detonated ?"
Dr. Oppenheimer: " Well -- yes. In modern times, of course. - [Quote From 1965 Television Documentary - The Decision to Drop the Bomb Video Below]
Oppenheimer also used a quote from the ancient Indian text the Bhagavad Gita when reflecting upon the enormity of the Pandoras box he had helped to open - 'Now, I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds.' He uttered these words at the first detonation in July 1945.
Supporting Legend & Lore for Ancient Atomics
The Iron Thunder Bolt of Gurka
The Mahabharatra, an ancient Indian poem, tells the following tale, which may well be the tale of the ancient City of Mohenjo Daro.
Gurkha flying in his swift and powerful Vimana hurled against the three cities of the Vrishis and Andhakas a single projectile Charged with all the power of the Universe. ...An incandescent column of smoke and flame As bright as the thousand suns Rose in all its splendor..a perpendicular explosion with its billowing smoke clouds... ...the cloud of smoke rising after its first explosion formed into expanding round circles... like the opening of giant parasols... ..It was the unknown weapon, the Iron Thunderbolt, a gigantic messenger of death which reduced to ashes the entire race of the Vrishnis and Andhakas,...The corpses were so burned As to be unrecognizable. The hair and nails fell out; Pottery broke without apparent cause, And the birds turned white....After a few hours All foodstuffs were infected...to escape from this fire The soldiers threw themselves in streams To wash themselves and their equipment.
The Brahmastra, a weapon described in ancient vedic texts, including the Mahabharata, was a weapon which is said to be a single projectile charged with "all the power of the universe". It is considered equivalent to modern Atomic weapons.
The Brahmastra was said to cause cataclysmic environmental damage. The land where it was used became lifeless and infertile, animals in and around that area quickly died off. Those on the outskirts became infertile. There land dried, rain ceased. The Indian epics and vedas state it is a weapon of last resort and was never, ever to be used in combat.
Aircraft of Ancient India
According to early Sanskrit texts the ancients had several types of airships called vimanas. Like aircraft of today, vimanas were used to fly through the air from city to city; to conduct aerial surveys of uncharted lands; and as delivery vehicles for awesome weapons. See - Vimana: Flying Machines of the Ancients
Ancient Hindus could navigate the air, and not only navigate it, but fight battles in it like so many war-eagles combating for the domination of the clouds. To be so perfect in aeronautics, they must have known all the arts and sciences related to the science, including the strata and currents of the atmosphere, the relative temperature, humidity, density and specific gravity of the various gases... Colonel Henry S Olcott (1832 – 1907) American author, philosopher, cofounder of the Theosophical Society .
The Epic of Gilgamesh circa 2500 BC contains a strikingly similar account of a day when "the heavens cried out, the earth bellowed an answer, lightning flashed forth, fire flamed upwards, it rained down death. The brightness vanished, the fire was extinguished. Everyone who was struck by the lightning was turned to ashes."
1. 2000 A.C. Distruzione atomica - Published in 1979 and available in Italian Only. Although it is not considered a scientific paper or treatise, but merely a work of pseudo-science by elitist establishment snobs of higher academia it brought to light some interesting facts and exposed some enigmas the establishment scientific community has been unable or unwilling to address.
2. Re: Alexander Gorbovsky. His book "Riddles of Ancient History" was published in 1966 and is currently unavailable. He is however a seasoned scholar and researcher and has served the Russian and Soviet Governments as a Munitions expert. He also has a kean interest in ancient history and has done writing regarding the possibility of ancient Atomic war and weaponry. He is credited with quoting the mahabharata in several of his works, most untranslated. He wrote the following in riddles of ancient History .... 'The Mahabharata - an ancient Indian epic compiled 3000 years ago - contains a reference to a terrible weapon. Regrettably, in our age of the atomic bomb ...'
Gorbovsky appears in a several news stories re: modern weapons including a 2001 associated press article - Russia starts destruction of weapons
3. "Faceless" Indus Valley City Puzzles Archaeologists
4. David H. Childress - Technology of the Gods: The Incredible Sciences of the Ancients.